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Patayan Culture

The Patayan occupied the Lower Colorado River and the Lower Gila River valleys from A.D. 700-1550, and is described in three phases. Phase I sites were occupied to about A.D. 1050, with features including sleeping circles, roasting pits, hearths, trails, trail shrines and ceramic wares with specific characteristics. Phase II was a period of extensive expansion of ceramics into new areas: north to southern Nevada, south to Puerto Penasco, Mexico, east to the Phoenix basin, and west to Lake Cahuilla. These ceramics included stucco finish, fine-lined geometric patterns, and recurved rims.

The final Patayan Phase III began around A.D. 1500, in the Protohistoric period, and was marked by relative continuity in ceramics. Some Patayan II ceramic traits persisted, and new traits included reinforced rim bands and a new vessel form, the high neck, small-mouthed olla. Material culture of the Patayan III period shows continuity with Quechan (Yuma) material, suggesting a cultural continuum.


    Excellent information from the Logan Museum of Anthropology on line from Beloit, Wisconsin

All text and images are used courtesy of the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College
All objects illustrated are in the permanent collection of the Logan Museum.


The Patayan culture is represented by various San Francisco Mountain Gray Ware types. 

San Francisco Mountain Gray Ware

San Francisco Mountain Gray Ware is found in northwestern Arizona, between Kingman and the Grand Canyon. This ware is typically associated with the Cohonina branch of the Patayan culture, which had roots in common with the Anasazi, but gradually differentiated itself into several culture units.

Material: The clay is gray to brown, micaceous sand temper
Construction: Paddle-and-anvil
Paint: Carbon black organic paint, fugitive slips
Firing: Reducing atmosphere
Forms: Bowls and jars

Deadmans Fugitive Red 800 - 1100
Late Pueblo I through Pueblo II

Deadmans Fugitive Red is essentially a plain ware which was initially slipped, but low firing temperatures rendered the slip impermanent.